Tuesday, April 9, 2019

Sky Life

Here are some images of a new piece I have been working on since last December.  Title, "Sky Life", size 70" x 38".

Note: the image is a photoshop composite as the piece hasn't actually been assembled at this time and it will not be possible to photograph it in the studio.  Ultimately it will be photographed in its new setting, a private home, in its architectural setting, in sunlight.  This composite was made by photographing sections separately and putting them together in Photoshop. It is an accurate representation of a studio shot, except for the "lead lines" which are just Photoshop black.

Here's the original sketch:

Technical details:  the entire piece is two layers of flash glass. St. Just French Antique flash glass in a teal blue on clear.  On top of that is Lambert's red on clear 1001/R/CB.
The image is generated (as my images often are) by working with the layers of flash--I begin by sandblasting to prepare the surface, but the subtleties of tone are accomplished by using engraving tools and diamond hand files.  I used black vitreous paint, silverstain and fuchsia Fusemaster enamel to enhance the engraving and to get yellows, blacks and pinks.  I worked on the glass pieces alone.

The piece will be a copperfoil construction, soldered into a steel rebar matrix, which I named "Skeletor".
Help assembling this piece came from Bryan Willette and Beyer's Studios--many, many thanks to them!!!

As for the subject matter: BIRDS.  BIRDS!!  I love birds.  I love drawing birds.  You know, when I was in high school, I was lucky enough to be able to take and AP studio art course and that's when I discovered Brancusi and tried to rip off one of his "Bird in Space" sculptures in soapstone.  It was an epic failure.  The form of birds has always appealed to me as has their vocabulary of parts: wings,  bullet-shaped bodies and heads and tails.  As characters, they come equipped with colorful outfits and don't have boring areas like thighs which human bodies have.  God how I get sick of rendering thighs.

Bird forms provide a limited structure that one can riff on endlessly and also an "excuse" to get involved with pattern and color in endless re-combinations of certain motifs--such as feathers.  So birds are like an alphabet of design elements from which one can create words, phrases, and gawd forbid, poetry.

 I had the idea that the piece would have millions of birds, most of which would be carrying a flower--which could be read as nest building (this piece is in a private home after all!) or as a symbol--birds are often seen as "messengers" and in Victorian times were often depicted "delivering" a key, a letter or a flower in their beak.  So these birds are doing some flower deliveries and of course they aren't just any flowers but, like the birds,  hallucinatory imaginary ones.

Why  hallucinatory, why imaginary?  First of all, I privilege these things as ta primary source of original material. Yeah, I admit it, originality is still important to me and yes, I recognize that we don't exist in a vacuum and any good imagination is being fed by a thousand streams of input. But its how you crunch that input and how, once metabolized deep within you, it gets ejected as something entirely new. 
Its hard to use your imagination once you are an adult--its trivialized and even denigrated. Its a distraction, its not empirical, its fabrications are...well, untruths. But too much research and reason and your art project turns into a social studies report.  Fine for some, but not my game. I like to keep it an inside job. 

Also, I am not a "visionary" in that I don't visualize my work a prior making it, but I admire so-called visionary art.  As for hallucinatory: I only took psychedelic drugs on two occasions and I didn't like them much. It rankles me to think we must source these images from a pill, when they are right inside us already! I am interested in transcendent experience.  Hallucinations seem to be generated from deep within us and to be an actual image of our neurology.  They reflect the deepest mental experiences relatively uninfluenced by nurture, culture and academia, to name a few corrupting agents!  (Just kidding....or maybe not.) I love the way some visionary art makes every element pulsate, vibrate, throb at some ridiculous amped up frequency as though it were suddenly a primal energy source, broadcasting transmissions like some cosmic radio tower.  Yup, that's a good look for any bird or flower!  And in the end what are they saying?  "Listen up  The world is alive!"

Sunday, January 27, 2019

Festival of technical

"Murdered Animal" 2018  see pics below!
It is no surprise, but I get a lot of technical questions.  Also, I get a lot of non-questions.  meaning, I hear or overhear discussion of the techniques I employ and its often incorrect.  So here's a post regrading all that stuff.
Remember, I post here under the tag demo, for more detailed information on specific pieces.

Some procedural details: first of all, I do not mind sharing.  I am happy to let people know how the look of my work is accomplished.  I invented very little of it (the file engraving being the exception), but I think my contribution is just how much of these techniques I use and my orchestration of them. Finally, I can tell in general how the work is made, but I can be very experimental and my procedures vary greatly.  So the descriptions here are in general.  in no way are they "rules" or even an accurate description of my methodology--it is in flux (glass pun!)

A few of the most common technical misunderstandings are: 1. "The work is painted" The look of my work is not the result of painting.  I do use paint, but comparatively little. I have heard people absolutely insisting that its painted. NO NO NO NO NO NO its not!!!!!  This is me speaking, and I am not only a first person witness to myself, I actually am doing this myself. What you are seeing is the results of engraving.  The only paint is black and yellow and sometimes pink.  The reds, blues, and any secondary or tertiary color made with red or blue is  the results of a combination of sandblasting and engraving. 

 2.  There is a technical difference between etching and engraving.  My work is not etched.  In both glass and metals, 'etching" refers to the use of acid.  Engraving refers to the use of tools.  My work is engraved.  Over and over again, I see people misusing these terms. Etching=acid, engraving= tools.

I start with a sketch-  I do not typically work with a complete sketch (and only very rarely do I work with a color sketch) as I like to leave many of the creative decisions (and the color choices) for when I am actually working with the glass.

Once I have some idea of what I want to do, I start cutting the glass.  The glass I use the most is called “Full Antique Flash Glass”.  I prefer Lamberts or Verriere St. Just, both hand blown and imported from Europe.  Flash glass is a type of stained glass with a paper thin layer of intense color on a lighter, thicker layer. Despite the name, the glass is not actually “antique”.  This glass has the advantage that the color can be removed by sandblasting and engraving revealing a contrasting area of color.

I use a regular steel wheel cutter to cut the glass and I also use the standard stained glass equipment of a grozing and running pliers to further refine the shapes. After the glass is shaped, I grind all the edges on a router type grinder.  I do this partly because I am still squeamish about getting cut  (after all these years!)

The next step is to do any sandblasting that needs to be done.  Sandblasting is a process by which one can remove areas of the colored layer by abrading the surface with sand at a high pressure.  I use a variety of resists to create stencils for sandblasting, including glue and masking tape, but the most common type of stencils I use are hand cut translucent adhesive vinyl or a photographic film that is glued to the glass.

Sometimes people think sandblasting is like an airbrush and can make a refined image.  However, I only use it to prepare the surface of the glass for engraving and to remove large areas of color.  It is a clumsy machine and I do not use it to make detailed images. 
And now we get to nitty gritty (also a glass pun!) After sandblasting,  I engrave smaller details.  I have several engraving tools.  Civilians would be reminded  of dentist drills. I use diamond ball burrs and cold water.  In conjunction with power tools, I also use diamond hand files to further refine the engraving.  This is the part of the process when the image gets its detailed, tonal look.  It also takes forever and can be physically painful.  
In terms of work, the cutting and sandblasting take a very short time, but this stage can take weeks and weeks.  To make a nice engraving of about 5" would take a day or so.

The next step is painting with glass paint.  The only color I use is black or very occasionally,  brown.  I paint it on and fire it in a 1250˚ F kiln to adhere it permanently.  I usually do 2-5 firings per piece of glass as that is the best way to get rich blacks and tonal variation.  I also use silver stain.  Silverstain, the origin of the term stained glass, is silver nitrate in a gamboge base--not really paint as it penetrates the surface of the glass and actually stains it yellow.  When it comes out of the kiln, the gamboge is washed off to reveal the yellow.  Lately I have been working with pink enamels.  (Note: the terminology is confusing, enamels, vitreous paints and stain are all different things to a stained glass artist, although they could all be sort of classified as "paint" since you paint them on.  They all fire on in a kiln and are permanent until the sun burns out and the universe collapses.)  I have been known to use a tiny bit of cold paint but only on windows to be displayed in lightboxes as it is not UV safe for all of eternity.
This is all the paint I use—most of the color in my work is the flash glass itself.

 One reason there is a lot of color in each section of my pictures is that the flash glass is layered--sometimes up to 5 pieces deep.  Some of the faces I’ve made have used a layer of blue on clear flash, a layer of brown on clear, pink on clear, and red on clear.  There’s no particular predetermined order—just what looks good.
Now regarding this procedure: 1. sandblast 2. engrave, 3. file 4. paint: I almost always go back and repeat many of these stages several times. Sometimes I engrave into the fired paint.  Until satisfaction is attained...or I give up the fight.

Once all the parts are done for a window, I assemble the piece using copper foil and sometimes lead.  In the layered areas, I use a wide copper foil.  Then I solder it together, frame it with zinc and it’s done!
Top: Blue flash glass, sandblasted and engraved
Top: Blue flash glass, sandblasted and engraved.  Bottom, Red flash glass, sandblasted, engraved, vitreous paint (stencil black #1059 Reusche)
All the blue pieces for the entire piece.  Sandblasted and engraved.  The pink is cold paint.
All the red pieces (plus the  blue lion), sandblasted, engraved, filed, vitreous paint (stencil black #1059 Reusche), silverstain #3


Wednesday, June 6, 2018

Isola is Italian for Island.

Isola is Italian for island as in "no man is one"....But the Italian word, OBVIOUSLY wants to remind us that lots of people experience feelings of isolation.  No man is an island...but since when does that stop you from feeling marooned?  Hence the title.  let's move on to something more important, shall we?
My oh my oh mighty icepick, was the human figure in this image ever a difficult birth.  This happens…especially if I have “fallen in love with something” such as, in this case, her face.   

The face that launched a thousand shi...s
Love ruins everything.  I made that face with zero expectations.  It was done using what I considered a substandard drawing and I can name a couple more pieces where the phenomenon of not thinking much of the drawing has freed me to be more creative with the glass, and thus, I exceeded micro-mini expectations rather than launched an epic war against big ones.  That’s the win-win of setting the bar nice and low.  Pro-tip: don’t do this if you are naturally a slacker.
Someone at a door.
Yes--she's blue!  And yes, its the exact same piece of glass in every image in this blog post. For  those interested in technical details of engraving flash glass in layers to create tonal images click here.
Or yet but still,  even here.

I fell in love with the face, but not the body or the pose, which depicted someone at a door.  (For some reason I am fascinated with the theme of “someone at a door”.  I have done it a few times.) So I  had to chop her head off or her body off, depending on how you see things... liberating the face.  For whatever reason I am not inclined to do images of human heads without the rest of the body.  So I needed to come up with a new body.  The new body I came up with was this one:
Body transplant #1

And this sat for about a year, maybe two, in a Tupperware awaiting the right harmonic convergence in which it seemed propitious to continue.  And that didn’t happen for a good long while!  When it did, I decided I hated that body too--except her breasts.  Sheesh...I can’t get no satisfaction.  Dammitol to heck.So, I went back into Photoshop and attached her head to a ton of sketches of bodies and was having a hell of a time…. anyway, I settled on something and proceeded to work on it.
Body transplant #2
But I was not pleased with the proportions and stopped.  I reworked the sketch and finally did this version, which, at long last quelled the hellhound nipping at my heels.  (Technical figure notes: this pose is the same as the previous, but done at a slightly differing angle--from above.  This makes her look poised on the edge of a thought, leaning into the viewer in the manner of someone listening intently.  The previous figure was just sitting there in repose.)

But now, I was at another precipice: what in the heck to do with her???

Body transplant #3
Long story short: I saw this image. 

Who knows how inspiration and creativity work.  I know I don't! 
from here
But in some weird neural nanosecond this image fused with the figure and I had a path to follow.
What is it?  A mushroom and a galactic meatball?  A mushroom and a cosmic cookie?  A mushroom and an island full of snakes? Heck no!  You know what?  I can’t find anything with a reverse image search.  It tells me it’s a shiitake mushroom. Methinks not.  My dad is a famous mycologist after all.  IMHO?  Shiitake are a mushroom only good for its ability to let you say the word “shit” in public. Plus: mushrooms can add an interesting texture to any meal.  Anyway, it’s some kinda natural history print of a mushroom and its spawning ground, the kind I run into all over the internet, because MY internet looks a LOT like the library at the Smithsonian.
That print might be a perfectly respectable attempt at science, but really?  We all know its option 3: a mushroom and an island full of snakes. It couldn’t be more obvious what with the “clue” of the snake in the middle. So inspiring was this modest piece of semi-forgotten print history, that I embarked to maketh my own version.
I collect images of desert islands.  Things were connecting in my brain…axons were throwing out tentacles of connective threads to juicy possibilities…
Long story short, I know I promised:  a vague idea of how I should resolve this figure with that natural history print and add a dash of the myth of Saint Patrick banishing the snakes from Ireland and that old saw “no man is an island” and a whopping good excuse to do yet another garden image and voila!  BAM!  Well…not bam…nothing is ever bam in a glass studio.

The garden was freaking hard.  All my solutions to the problem “how to draw a garden” are different.  It’s like reinventing the wheel.
Somewhere along the way it seemed prudent to make the garden black and white and the snakes colorful.  Also, I wanted a large plain area for the sky to set off the frenetic garden.
Why are the flowers black and white?  Why?  Why?  WHY?
Why she's on a crescent moon.
What’s it all about?  It’s an accurate depiction of the time I was left to rot on some desert island full of snakes and had a really peaceful time contemplating the beauty and connectivity of the universe instead.  Snakes are your friends! Yeah…that really happened!  :P

Thursday, May 31, 2018

Three pieces deliberately using historical stained glass forms

“Immigration Policy”, 26” x 20”, 2017
“Meadow”, 20” x 24”, 2018
“Demonology”, 23” x 27”, 2018
Click to enlarge!  I command thee!

 At some point, I think in 2017, I decided to do a few painted rondels.  Why?  Because they are fun, fast and easy!  Or at least sort of. (More on rondels here) The medium on all three is vitreous paint.  Vitreous paint is the term in the stained glass bizz for glass paint which fires on at about 1225F and comes in about ten drab versions of grey, black, brown and blah.  While a lot of technical hooha is enabled by the whole subject of the how to use vitreous paint, the fact is you can be very, very low tech with it as well.  Mix with water to your desired consistency, somehow put it on the glass (brushes, perhaps, but hey, you can finger paint, spray it, dab it on with a paper towel, whatever, with it if you want.)  Then you stick it in a kiln and bring it up to temp.  Then cool it down.  It’s not tricky.
You can add stuff to it, like gum Arabic, which helps it stick to the glass or you can skip that. You can mix it with various oils instead of water, or vinegar or turps.  Whatever—do your own experiments!  As your glass instructor I can guarantee one thing with certainty: something will happen.
Exciting glass shop talk: vitreous paint is not the same thing as enamels, which are colored and fire on at a different temp.  I don’t use them, so I have nothing to offer here.  (99% of the color in my work is generated by engraving flash glass.)
As for painting method, the rondels have sandblasted areas.  The “Immigration” one is all sandblasted, “Meadow” just certain flowers and the figure and “Demon” just the character.  I paint in stages, here is a link that will explain it. 

In addition, these rondels incorporate silverstain.  Silverstain info here:

As for the rest of the three windows, the painting technique is the same.
So that’s the shop talk section of today’s lesson except one last very important thing: I am working with a part time assistant, the lovely and wonderful Karisa Gregorio, who gets credit for much of the cutting of the glass.
Now for some thoughts on the pieces in general.
Having made the rondels, I stored them away until such a time as a resolution for how to use them was revealed to me.  It is exceedingly rare that I have a complete plan for what I am doing at the outset.  Au contraire!  I usually am feeling my way through the process and I don’t wish to force conclusions on these budding, gestation “idea things” before they are ready.  Instead of imposing some idea or plan on them, I prefer to wait and let them tell me what they want.  Sometimes that can take years!!  (I keep lots of parts in progress in Tupperware containers.)

Now, someone near and dear to my heart likes to tease me about my use of copperfoil instead of the traditional method of assembling with lead.  As it happens, I was trained in art school to use lead.  My teacher, Ursula Huth, was in line with many stained-glass makers in her philosophy that lead is beautiful, historical and full of artistic integrity while copper foil is for amateurs and charlatans.  So, I certainly got the message about what she thought was the ONLY way to go about assembling.  I have heard it many times since.  (I stick with copperfoiling for a few reasons: 1. It is more suited to my technique of layering. 2. It is super strong, despite what some people say –read more here: https://jancikarts.com/the-copper-foil-vs-leaded-technique-myth/
3. It can look very beautiful if you do it well.)

Anyhoo, I decided, owing to the teasing and all, that I would show him!  I decided to make “Immigration Policy “and subsequently “Meadow” and “Demonology”, with traditional leading to prove that not only could I do it, but I can do a decent job of it.  Leading is unforgiving and difficult.
A note about the design of all three windows:  being teased about leading is only the tip of the iceberg.  For some reason, there are a lot of people in the field of stained glass who do not consider me to be part of their profession.  Now I suppose I could say “well who cares what they think!!!” however, I feel it is important to my work that it be understood in the context of stained glass history.  Without getting too deep into it, one of the main inspirations for my work is the history of the medium.  I am constantly looking at historical work.  Both the medium and the message of stained glass is at the very core of every piece I do even if what a layperson sees is mostly the subject matter of the picture.  So, it bugs me to be excluded.  I gather my work seems a bit to radical, both in terms of technique and subject for hard-line traditionalist to stomach.

These three rondel windows, therefore were conceived to be very, very closely allied with the Baroque secular windows which incorporate black, white and silverstained rondels into a matrix of quarries (diamond shapes with weird little pictures on them) or, in the case of “Demonology” bullions (round shapes.)  In “Demonology the idea for the colored bits in between the bullions comes from this window:
Medieval window with quarry design
Add caption
My design.  Cut by the fabulous Karisa Gregorio.

More thoughts on the pieces individually.  And please note that if I share my interpretation of the so-called meaning with you, it should not preclude you from coming up with your own, which   might be very different from mine.  I strive to be open ended in my imagery for this very reason.

"Immigration Policy"
“Immigration Policy”
Although the title refers to Trump’s policies, which disgust me, the piece is possibly about something else.  I make these images in some kind of verbal-free fugue state.  That’s my new word for “intuitively” which I understand is off limits in artist’s statements owing to its vagueness and overuse.  I hope “verbal-free fugue state” will explain itself.  Suffice it to say, I am not sweating over messages, meanings, or interpretations.  I am actively trying to go back to an age when I was able to make pictures without all kinds of layers of analysis.  My feeling is I will analyze it LATER…like at the opening! 
I was called to task by a good friend and wonderful glass  artist, Sasha Zhitneva, on this one, who is a dog lover.  She was pretty much horrified at the tragic scene, as would any normal. compassionate human, I would think--so what does that say  about me?  And had it been anyone other than a friend I might not have taken the time to think about what an image like this means…I mean, I am a HUGE animal lover…what on earth could drive me to create such a thing?  1.  The need to express my horror at how humans treat animals 2. The need to express my horror at how humans treat animals and 3. The need to express my horror at how humans treat animals.  I hope you understand now.
I also believe: the dog will never drown as this is a 2-d image and not reality.  Neither will the dog be saved. It is stuck right where it is in perpetuity.
I do not care about the people on that ship.  It’s all about how, in their vanity, they have harmed an innocent animal.  The piece could also be about habitat destruction, global warming…etc.
Partly inspired by this image from this book
Quarries.  No GMOs!

"The Meadow"
“The Meadow” 
The title was supplied by Astrid Bowlby!
This piece was one in a series in which I strive to create a human figure but simultaneously avoid doing the thighs.  Thighs are not only a problem section of any actual body, they are also boring as all get-out to render. So by planting her in a meadow, I could cover them with stuff.
I was trying to suggest either a child at peace resting in a lovely overgrown meadow or a dead body.  Your pick.
Meadow rondel detail

My feelings after Nov 9, 2016 (prior to silverstaining)
…originally called “Trump Election Commemoration Plate Design” when it was just a rondel as a joke.  First of all, shout to Rick Moody whose bookprovided the title “Demonology”.  (He is a friend, I asked his for his blessing on stealing his title.)
Well, does this really require any explanation?  Who among you hasn’t felt this way at times??
There are three chickens in this piece.  Why chickens?  You got me...
One of the things inspiring this was my long abiding admiration for artists of the northern Renaissance like Bosch, Breughel and DavidRyckaert.  But of course, also the marginalia in Medieval manuscripts which is very imaginative and not bible-related, creating moments of hilarious juxtaposition, considering that it IS a bible that well-endowed, misbehaving in the naughtiest way pagan thing is appearing in (which some scholar could probably put forth as an obvious precursor to Bosch and the like.  He’s so often presented as coming out of nowhere….)
Just where in the bible does it mention Mr. Testicle Monster?
MANY artists have tackled the theme of “The Temptation ofSt. Anthony”.  Why?  I know why!  Because it’s an excuse to do all sort of fun stuff with impunity.  It’s the fantasy sci-fi occult art before modern times.  Anyway, “Demonology” is my contribution to that tradition.

all photos of my work by Dominic Episcopo

Monday, July 3, 2017

Busy l'il hive o' activity

"Wild Life"  44" x 40"

 I finished this piece, which took over 6 months and then I thought...NOW WHAT?!?!?!?!? 
I decided to do some rondels...because they are fun...low pressure (or so I imagine at the outset)

 And then I finished this one into a full piece:

“Immigration Policy” 26" x 20"

 So then, NOW WHAT?!?!?!?!?    I hate starting pieces...so I decided to start a whole bunch on the theory that they would cancel out each other's scariness.

"Luster" 12" x 13"
The above small piece was a study...but I never investigated finishing it as a larger work.  So I started that and voila! She turned into a cow.  (Last summer I read "Prometheus Bound". )

 Here's the glass pieces for the character to be turned into a window at some point.

  Then there was the election...so I did this rondel:

And then after that, I began this one:

 This one was more of an experiment.  An experiment I call "How can I avoid painting the boring parts of the human body? (I.e. everything below the neck)."

 Here's the sketch. 
And then there was THIS....sitting around in my pile of stuff, unresolved:

This blue thing is how she began life.  So I chopped out the head and gave her a new body which you see above.  But I didn't like it either.  So she sat around in a tray.  So recently, I re-thought it and remade it and she looked like this:


Again, I liked it better, but yet again, the proportions seemed wrong.  So YET AGAIN, I re-thought it and remade it and she looked like this: (and finally I can sleep at night.)

 I also had this experimental figure lying around awaiting attention:


Again the proportions seemed wrong to me.  So here is how she turned out after I rethought her:

there will be a table or something she is leaning on  someday....

 This sketch was in my pile o' stuff:

So I made this figure in glass and here she is:

 I was very pleased with this one on the first try. 

Here are two head kissing on my light table.

I also made this.  She supposed to be holding a snake.  Someday.
And then there is THIS!  You know what an emblem is?  Look it up.  "Semper Idem" means "Always the Same" and this is my favorite emblem and I have wanted to interpret it for a while now.

The glass

The sketch

 And...then there is this sketch: